County-wide

  • Bellham Escarpments – Escarpments form most of the boundaries of three sides of the Wensel Valley. These escarpments are in excess of a hundred feet high. It is said that these escarpments were formed by an underground lake and glaciation. The underground lake having eroded a network of caverns under the overlying rock which was collapsed by the weight of a glacier. Glaciation and erosion having completed their formation.
  • Blaec Oak Forest – Wodland that covers much of the northern part of the Wensel Valley. It was once called the Bright Wood, and still is by some.
  • Canals
    • Bellham Union Canal – An early canal that winds down the valley, with a spur that serves Newton Howard whose origins were around the same time. It was never allowed to decay as many canals did.
  • Railways
    • Bellham Castle Line – A rail line that runs from Erlham through Bellham Castle, on to Camp and thence to London.
    • Erlham Line – This line runs down the eatern side of the  valley from King’s Baston to Griff and on to Oxford. This line is in parts a single track with passing places.
    • Howard Curve –  Joins Erlham Line with Newton Howard.
    • Kenwick Baston Line – A rail line that runs along the north of the valley from Kenwick through King’s Baston and on to Newton Howard and linking with Northampton.
    • Kenwick Bellham Line – This line runs down the west of the Valley. Originating in Birmingham entering the county at Kenwick, serving Bellham Abbey and going on to Gifham where it exits for the south.
    • Kenwick Kinsborough Line – A line that runs through the centre of the valley, from Kenwick to Earlham. This line is in parts a single track with passing places.
  • Rivers
    • Alphar – A small non-navigable river that runs down from Griff and joins the Wensel at Erlham.
    • Erlin – A non-navigable river that runs down the Eastern side of the Wensel valley, joining the Wensel before it reaches Erlham.
    • Rescar – A non-navigable that flows down from the Garstan Level and joins the Wensel at Wartons. Its old course being the course of the Wensel between Wartons and Wiglar.
    • Sift – a short river that joins Barston Mere to the Wensel.
    • Wensel – The main river of the Wensel Valley. It being navigable up to Wartons. Originally, the river’s course was east of the Elves Table, separating from the current course at Wiglar.
  • Wensel Valley – A wide glaciated and weathered valley with escarpments at  its sides. The valley is believed to have been created by a huge underground lake. At its heart is the Elves Table.

[Gazetteer]

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